Turkish Otokar Altay Main Battle Tank(MBT)

Turkish Otokar Altay Main Battle Tank(MBT)

Altay is the third generation+ main battle tank (MBT) of the Republic of Turkey. It was indigenously developed under the Milli Tank Üretim Projesi ALTAY (MITÜP ALTAY) programme (Altay National Tank Project). Altay is the first national MBT developed for the Turkish Land Forces Command (TLFC).
The Turkish National Main Battle Tank Project began in 2005. In September 2010, the conceptual design phase of Altay was completed. The first prototype was ready by 2015.
In August 2016, Otokar submitted its final offer to the Undersecreteriat for Defense Industries (SSM) for the serial production of the Altay main battle tanks.
Turkey intends to initially build 250 MITÜP Altay MBTs and ultimately produce 1,000 new tanks in four separate lots of 250 units. Altay incorporates the most modern features of a tank. The Turkish MBT has a crew of four, comprising the driver, gunner, loader and commander.
Altay main battle tank development
The SSM embarked on the National Tank project to improve the technical capabilities of Turkish defence and to increase the domestic contribution towards national defence.
“A 3D image of Altay was revealed to the public in August 2010.”
The tank is named after the Army General Fahrettin Altay, who commanded the V Cavalry Corps during the Turkish War of Independence. Development of the Altay tank will be completed in three phases.
The Defence Industrial Executive Committee (SSIK), the Turkey’s defence industrial procurement decision-making body, selected the contractor Otokar in March 2007, through a competition.
The $500m contract includes design, development and integration of Altay, as well as the qualification of the tank through prototypes and testing.
Work on the Altay project began in August 2008 at the Otokar factory and was completed in 2016. Otokar developed four prototypes for testing. Altay uses the technology systems developed for the South Korean K2 MBT by Hyundai Rotem. The successful testing of the prototypes was concluded by early 2017. Turkey owns the design and intellectual property rights.
Altay main battle tank design and features
The tank has a conventional layout. The power pack is placed in the rear, driver seating in the front, as well as a fighting compartment in the middle. The loader sits on the left side of the turret, while the commander sits on the right side of the turret. The gunner sits on the same side as the commander but in a more forward and lower position.
Altay has the stronger chassis characteristics of the K2 Black Panther MBT. It has a re-designed Turkish turret and heavier armour than the K2. It also has seven tracked wheels and a longer hull.
Fire control
The tank uses an advanced computerised Volkan-III modular (or National Cannon Fire Control System for Naval Platforms (TAKS)) fire-control system (FCS). It was developed by Aselsan, which has partnered with STM, the software division of SSM, for developing the command, control and information systems.
Armament
“Work on the Altay project began in August 2008 at the Otokar factory.”
Altay is equipped with a 120mm L/55 smoothbore gun. It is fitted with a muzzle reference system, a thermal sleeve and fume extractor. The ammunition is stowed in the turret bustle with blow out panels on the roof. The tank also has a 7.62mm machine gun mounted in coaxial to the right of the main armament. A 12.7mm heavy machine gun is mounted on the right of the turret for commander operation.
Self-protection
The front side of the tank has special modular reactive composite armour protection. The tank is designed to resist chemical, biological and radiological (CBR) attacks.
Both the gunner and the commander are provided with stabilised day/thermal sights incorporated with a laser range-finder with a hunter-killer capability.
Propulsion
The first two batches of Altay tanks will be powered by MTU Friedrichshafen 1,500hp (1,100kW) diesel engines. The engine will be coupled to a Renk transmission. An indigenous 1,800hp (1,300kW) engine will be used in the last two batches of the tank. The tank has a maximum speed of 70km/h and manoeuvrability at water depths of 4.1m.
Contractors
Koç Group subsidiary Otokar is the main contractor for the Altay MBT development programme. The technology systems transfer licensing is provided by Hyundai Rotem, which also offers technical support and assistance in the tank development.
Aselsan is responsible for the sub-systems and fire control system. The state-owned ammunition producer Makine ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE) produces the main gun system, while Roketsan develops and produces the armour package. The subcontractors are responsible for integration of the respective equipment in the tank in cooperation with Otokar.
The Altay is the future third generation main battle tank (MBT) for the Turkish army. The first prototypes of Turkey’s main battle tank ALTAY designed and developed by OTOKAR, the biggest privately owned company of the Turkish Defence Industry was unveiled at OTOKAR facilities in Sakarya on November 15th, 2012.  The first ALTAY prototype had already covered more than 2.000 kilometers during tests up to now. Two prototypes exhibited a special show to the guests of the ceremony at the tank test track of OTOKAR. Including mobility performance like acceleration, maximum speed, side slope, suspension, stabilization track and off-road drive, this show made the impression that, when finished, ALTAY would be the most modern tank in the world. The Turkish Company Aselsan was assigned to design and manufacture the prototypes of electronic sub-systems like Tank Fire Control System and Tank C3I System. The ALTAY tank will be ready for mass production by 2015. In December 2014, Otokar made an announcement to the stock exchange after various media reports claimed that ALTAY tank could be exported to Oman.
Armament
The main armament of ALTAY is a 120 mm 55 caliber smoothbore gun suitable for various kinds of rounds. The Turkish Company MKE was assigned to manufacture the 120 mm 55 caliber Main Armament by technology transfer from Hyundai Rotem of South Korea. ALTAY is also able to shoot moving targets with a very high first round hit probability. A 7.62 mm caliber machine gun is mounted coaxially to the left of the main armament. A remote controlled weapon station is mounted on the top of the turret which can be armed with a 7.62mm or 12.7mm caliber machine gun. A range of eight smoke grenade dischargers are mounted to each rear top side of the turret.
Design and Protection
The design of ALTAY has been realized in order to fulfill all kinds of operational requirements derived from the technical and tactical demands of the Turkish Armed Forces. In this scope, ALTAY has been equipped with the latest technologies that are used in the modern tanks. With its superior fire power and hit rate, high mobility and survivability features, it’s anticipated that ALTAY will be one of the fundamental and deterrent assets of the Turkish Armed Forces. ALTAY’s crew consists of four personnel as a tank commander, gunner, driver and loader. The driver is seated at the center front of the hull and is provided with a single-piece hatch cover that opens to the right. The turret is in the center of the vehicle with the commander and gunner on the right and the loader on the left. The powerpack is mounted at the rear of the hull. ALTAY tank is equipped with modular composite armours in order to protect the tank against all kinds of threats. The Turkish Company Roketsan was assigned to develop the Modular Armour Package by technology transfer also through Hyundai Rotem. Roketsan has the responsibility of design and development of ALTAY Turkish main battle tank Armor System. Roketsan has established a completely new ballistic protection infrastructure which has up-to-date design, production and test technologies brought together for light and heavy armoured vehicle protection solutions.
Propulsion
In order to provide the tank with the intended performance in rough terrains, it’s equipped with a 1,500 horsepower high-tech engine and Renk transmission. The suspension consists each side of seven dual rubber-tyred roadwheels with the idler at the front, the drive sprocket at the rear. The ALTAY can run at a maximum road speed of 70 km. The vehicle can cross a depths of 4.1m in water.
Accessories
A new generation fire control system has been specially designed for ALTAY in order to control the main and secondary armaments. The Altay is equipped CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radioactive and Nuclear) protection system. Standard equipment on the Altay includes C3I (Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence) system, battlefield target identification system, life support system, auxiliary power unit, fire-extinguishing and explosion suppression system and 360 degrees situational awareness system.at the rear.
 Turkish vehicle manufacturer Otokar has unveiled its new ALTAY-AHT urban operations tank at the at the 13th International Defense Industry Fair (IDEF’17).
The ALTAY-AHT urban operations tank has been designed for Turkish military taking into account the experience of fighting in Syria and Iraq.
“In response to hybrid and asymmetrical threats and conditions where unconventional forces and methods are employed spreading more widely, we designed ALTAY-AHT Urban Operations Tank using our own resources that will meet future needs of Turkish Armed Forces and will have high export potential,” – said Otokar General Manager Serdar Gorguc.
According to a company spokesperson that one of the key difference between new ALTAY-AHT Urban Operations Tank and the base’s version of ALTAY tank is that the tank is fitted with a Jammer against remote control IED attacks. The Gunshot Detection System can identify the direction of sniper threats, the Laser Warning System can identify the threats by laser guided anti-tank missiles, and laser range finders that measure distance.
The direction of the identified threat can be automatically smoked using the Soft Kill (Smart Smoke Curtain) The EOS, RCWS and tank turret can be automatically directed to the threat depending on the user’s preference.
The tank is fitted with a directional dozer blade that can be operated by the driver, and used for a variety of tasks such as preparing the defence lines, clearing the obstacles on the battlefield, and filling the tank trenches.
The ALTAY-AHT Urban Operations Tank equipped with Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA) and Bar Armour Systems are applied on the tank to enhance its survivability against guided and unguided ballistic missile attacks that pose great threat in 360-degrees for main battle tanks in hybrid and asymmetric combat conditions.
Situational awareness improved with the addition of Telescopic Elevated Observation System (EOS), YAMGÖZ system that enables 360-degrees awareness, and repositioning of remote control weapon stations (RCWS).
The ALTAY project was launched in 2009, and the main battle tank, with increased survivability, mobility and firing power, has delivered superior performance in challenging tests conducted in all climatic and terrain conditions for the last two years. The “Qualification Tests” conducted by the Undersecretariat of Defense Industry, and Land Forces Command on bases version of ALTAY tank, which has achieved very high accuracy in firing tests carried out for diverse scenarios in all kinds of weather conditions and distances, were completed in February 2017.

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